A comprehensive routine examination typically includes taking a
patient's medical history and involves questions about health, life
style, medications, and past eye diseases or surgeries. The doctor
measures the patient's visual acuity and refractive error using
eye charts and refracting instruments. These measurements determine
the need for corrective lenses and, if so, the specific prescription.
The front of the eye is viewed using a slit lamp microscope to check
the cornea, anterior chamber, iris and lens. The doctor examines
the inside of the eyes, often using drops to dilate the pupils.
Any retinal or optic nerve problems inside of the eye can be identified
using an ophthalmoscope. The doctor measures the eye pressure using
a tonometer. After the examination, the doctor may prescribe corrective
lenses, and suggest additional testing or treatment, if necessary.
The doctor also will indicate when a patient should have another
Most of us take our eyesight for granted until something goes wrong.
One of the keys to preserving eyesight is routine preventive care.
Having routine periodic eye examinations and seeing an ophthalmologist
whenever there is a noticeable change in vision are important steps
in preserving sight. Most eye problems can be treated successfully
if they are diagnosed early.
Scheduling an Appointment